Available Models of Common Age-Related Diseases

· Bone disease. For example, age-related bone loss, and age-related osteoporosis models.

· Cardiovascular diseases. For example, the primary hypertension animal model, myocardial infarction animal model, heart failure animal model, etc.

· Aging lung.

· Neurodegenerative disease. For example, models of Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.

· Multi-morbidity and frailty. For example, some chronic disease models include arthritis, diabetes, cancer, heart disease, and stroke. There are also frailty animal models.